NEEAP stands for National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP)
It aims at strengthening the role of the public sector to enhance the provision of information and advice to end-users and consumers. The NEEAP also sets the guidelines and steps to reach national energy conservation goals.
The NEEAP of Lebanon was developed by the Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation in October 2010 after it was called upon in the first point of the strategic initiative 6 of the “Policy Paper for the Electricity Sector” announced by the Lebanese Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW) and approved by the Lebanese Government on 21 June 2010.
The NEEAP of Lebanon includes 14 initiatives and is developed in accordance with the different points mentioned in the declaration of the Lebanese Government of 2009 relating to energy efficiency and renewable energy, namely the set strategic target of 12% renewable energy by 2020.
The 14 initiatives are:
1. Initiative 1: Towards Banning the Import of Incandescent Lamps to Lebanon
This initiative aims at banning the import of incandescent lamps to Lebanon and spread the use of Compact Fluorescent Lamps, an effective energy efficient source of light. This initiative has an ultimate goal to promote the widespread of Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
2. Initiative 2: Adoption of the Energy Conservation Law and Institutionalization of the Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation (LCEC) as the National Agency for Lebanon
The purpose of this initiative is to adopt an energy conservation law for Lebanon, including the institutionalization of the LCEC.
3. Initiative 3: Promotion of Decentralization Power Generation by PV and Wind Applications in the Residential and Commercial Sectors
This initiative encourages the residential and commercial uses of wind energy and solar photovoltaic system.
4. Initiative 4: Solar Water Heaters for Buildings and Institutions
Promoting the use of solar water heaters mainly in residential sector and facilitate the installation of 190,000 m2 of solar collectors by 2014 in order to reach an ultimate goal of 1.05 million square meters of total installations by 2020.
5. Initiative 5: Design and implementation of a national strategy for efficient and economic public street Lighting in Lebanon
The design and implementation of a national strategy for public street lighting in order to offer safe and energy efficient lighting with a monitoring, control and maintenance procedure.
6. Initiative 6: Electricity Generation from Wind Power
To promote the generation of electricity through the use of wind energy.
7. Initiative 7: Electricity Generation from Solar Energy
Develop and promote the generation of Photovoltaic and Concentrated Solar Power farms.
8. Initiative 8: Hydro Power for Electricity Generation
Encourage and promote the use of Hydropower to produce electricity.
9. Initiative 9: Geothermal, Waste to Energy, and Other Technologies
Reducing waste and benefit from waste to energy conservation techniques in addition to the geothermal power to produce electricity.
10. Initiative 10: Building Code for Lebanon
Develop energy efficient code for new buildings and major retrofits in Lebanon.
11. Initiative 11: Financing Mechanisms and Incentive
Provide proper financing mechanism in order to promote the use of energy efficiency and renewable energy.
12. Initiative 12: Awareness and Capacity Building
Raise public awareness and build the capacity of all stakeholders working in the energy efficient and renewable energy sector.
13. Initiative 13: Paving the Way for Energy Audit and ESCO Business
Support the development of Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) working in the energy audit business and provide them with the needed financial and technical incentives to be able to promote auditing as well as implementation activities.
14. Initiative 14: Promotion of Energy Efficient Equipment
Promote the use of energy efficient equipment in households and other commercial buildings by focusing on electrical equipment and establishing a national energy efficiency standard.
It is important to note that Lebanon’s NEEAP is a dynamic document, meaning that LCEC is and will keep updating the document periodically to reflect policy changes and actual developments as they occur.
The Lebanese NEEAP is developed according to the requirements of the League of Arab States (Arab Energy Efficiency Framework) with the support of the EU-funded MED-ENEC and MED-EMIP projects. In addition, the role of the Regional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE) was important in the development of the document.
Nationally, the development of the NEEAP was supported all the way by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). In addition, the following partners played an essential role in the development and review of the NEEAP: Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW), Electricité du Liban (EDL), Lebanese Standards Institute (Libnor), Industrial Research Institute (IRI), Ministry of Finance, Central Bank of Lebanon (BDL), Ministry of Environment, Energy Committee at the Lebanese Parliament, SWH importers/ manufacturers/ installers, and the UNDP CEDRO project. Other active organizations are also involved in the development of the NEEAP: Order of Engineers and Architects in Beirut, Lebanese Solar Energy Society (LSES), and Lebanon Green Building Council (LGBC).